Victory of Samothrace

The “Victory of Samothrace” is an sculpture made in the II. century b.C. In greek it is called Níke tes Samothrákes (Νίκη της Σαμοθράκης), and is a work which belongs to the helenistic period. It has a height of 245 centimetres and it is made with marble, representing the God of the victory, Niké.

It was found in the year 1863 in Samothrace island by  Charles Champoiseau, a french amateur archaeologist. According with  Anne-Cécile Beaudoin, after the restoration of the sculpture, the marble “has go back to reflect the paleness and the subtlety of the blanket´s fold”. ( Beaudoin 2014).

This magnifical work it can be saw in the famous museum Louvre, in Paris, but not with  many polemic, the Victory of Samothrace has been replaced to restore it. The journalist Begoña Castiella, who is the correspondent in Athens, tell the readers, how people wanted to have it back to Greece. (Castiella 2014.)

References:

  • Beaudoin, Anne (2014). El Semanal
  • Castiella, Begoña. (2014).  A la sombra del Acropolis.

 

Butrón Castle

The castle of Butron is a building of the XV. century that belonged to the Butron family. It is located in the village of Gatika (Bizkaia) and its origins date back to the middle ages. At first, it was a tower-house, but then it was totally remodelated with Bavarian style. The cylindrical towers and the base foundations where refurbished in the XIX. century.

The castle has 2,400 metre squared and its located in a woodland of more than 35,000 metre squared. The building has a main floor, mezzanine, five floors, and four fortified towers, and the walls have around four metres of thickness. Inside the castle there are some halls, a chaple, the army path, a 200 metre squared dining room , a warehouse, a water well…..etc.

Nowadays the building it´s sorrounded by a forest with many exhotic trees and plants, because some decades ago, the “Diputacion of Bizkaia” remodelated the place to have a turistic use. Butron castle belongs to  INBISA corporation, but they have put it into sale. The company have show that ” they are only going to priorizate those offer which had an atractive plan of conservation of this property unique in Spain”

**There are not many sources or cites because it is a turistic and historical place**

Source: http://butroncastle.com/

 

 

 

Architectural Tourism in Bilbao: A very important factor for the Transformation

 Frank Gehry,Antxon OlabeTomas Ondarra ,Elías Más Serra and  Borja Gómez have helped in the analysis  that in the search of his own essence, the transformation that has known Bilbao in the last 15 years is the story of a brilliant success. The villa has happened in just three decades to be a city thick, contaminated and not very attractive, to be a city comparable to European cities more modern and avant-garde. This great tranfomacion has been carried out thanks to all the citizens and to the aid received  from the cultural tourism, gastronomy etc. These Great Artists , have focused on explaining some of which seem to be more visited in the City ,such as the Museum of Guggemheim, the Museum of Bellas Artes and The Theatre of Euskalduna etc that  has been increasing  the transformation of Bilbao thanks to the tourism of the museums and cultural activities. These things are the ones that have helped to make the city becomes more known and with  largest culturally.

 The creation of emblematic buildings in charge of the first-class architects and whose international projection has contributed in a decisive manner to improve the brand image of Bilbao  and also in the changes of the city. In this regard,  ” The building of Frank Gerhy is, without a doubt, a masterpiece, a Impressive spaceship of titanium, dazzles with the audacity of their futuristic impossible geometries, with the changing reflections of light that settles in their rounded surfaces”. The extraordinary Palacio Euskalduna Conference and Music honoring with sober brilliance to the ship building industry of the villa. The elegant and functional metro by Norman Foster.“(Elías Más Serra 2010 Arte y Economía) 

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Now it is time to Renaissance

The Renaissance started in Italy during 14th century, so after Middle Age. This artistic movement consist in the resurging of classical learning and values of ancient Greece and Rome. The most important artists of this movement are: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, Brunelleschi, Alberti, Boticelli, Bramante and Palladio. “The period of Renaissance was one of intense philosophical activity” and “an important period of reorientation” (Schmitt, p.1). There are the most important sentences of Leonardo da Vinci that summarize his philosophy and way of thinking (BrainyQuote.com).
“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication”
“Art is never finished, only abandoned”
“The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions”
“There are three classes of people: those who see, those who see when they are shown, those who do not see”
“Tears come from the heart and not from the brain”
“He who loves practice without theory is like the sailor who boards ship without a rudder and compass and never knows where he may cast”

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Going on with a bit of modern art: Pop Art

Pop art started in the decade of the 1960 in EE.UU, concretely in New York. Andy Warhol was one of the founders of this movement so it is though to be the greatest artist joined together with Roy Lichtenstein, James Rosenquist, and Claes Oldenburg. Following the popularity of the Abstract Expressionists, Pop’s reintroduction of identifiable imagery (drawn from mass media and popular culture) was a major shift for the direction of modernism.

The  themes are focused in morality, mytholgy, and classic history. According to  Roy Lichtenstein, “Everybody has called Pop Art ‘American’ painting, but it’s actually industrial painting. America was hit by industrialism and capitalism harder and sooner and its values seem more askew… I think the meaning of my work is that it’s industrial, it’s what all the world will soon become.” .

Pop artists work with common objetcs and people so in this way we can say that they commercialize with brand images. Undoubtedly, Pop Art has become one of the most recognizable styles of art of this Century.

 

 

Some fascinating facts about Ancient Egypt that you may not know

One of the most important civilizations around history. The pharaonic period lasted 3000 to 332 a.C. and is divided in different dynasties. The most important sources about ancient Egypt we can find in monuments, objects and artefacts that have been recovered from archaeological sites, covered with hieroglyphs. “There are only a small number of artefacts from the late Predynastic Period that can be used as historical sources, documenting the transition into full unified statehood.” (Shaw, p. 3) “One important aspect of the Egyptian kingship throughout the pharaonic period was the existence of a number of different names for each individual ruler. By the Middle Kingdom, each king held five names (the so-called fivefold titulary), each of which encapsulated a particular aspect of the kingship: three of them stressed his role as a god, while the other two emphasized the supposed division of Egypt into two unified lands.” (Shaw, p. 6) The hieroglyphs were a mystery but recently it was discovered Rosetta Stone and because of that now know the meaning of this writing. In the stone apear three languages: Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic script and ancient Greek language.

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Different concepts of beauty around the world

As we all know the concepts of beauty around the world are very different, not just if we compare the different ways in which women put on their make up but also the physical apierence and dressing traditions. A woman can be considered beautiful in a country in particular but if she moved to a different one she might be considered just the opossite, ugly. Between many countries the concept of beauty may just vary depending on a more natural face or having more make up on it but in other cases the traditions have such a strength that you have to force a change on your apperience to be considered beautiful.

Some of the beauty traditions that women follow an i found interesting are:

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The Alhambra, one space for the memories

La Alhambra is located in the city of Granada in Andalucia, Spain. Among the history it has be the point of a good amount of discusses and stories that happened inside its walls.

The arquitecture of this emblematic building, according to Silvia Perez, “Alhambra catches you, the colours are magical and its views are going to estay in the mind of the viewers for aal their lives.”  The Catholic kings, conquered the alhambra in 1492 and here started the race of preserving this marvelous of the arquitecture. Nicolas Peñalver, (Peñalver, 1812 september), reminded that its “tablaos” and in its paths were the place of many festivals, music concerts and dance concerts… etc of that period of time.

The historian Gomez Moreno (1912-1918) was one of the first responsibles of raising the pavement the Alhambra to start some sanitation labours. “Al hacerse estas obras de saneamiento, se hallaron dos muros estrechos y paralelos en la dirección del eje mayor del patio, uno a cada lado y a alguna distancia de las columnas de las galerías laterales lejos del pabellón de levante, lo que supone que hubo edificaciones anteriores”  Gomez Moreno , Manuel. (1912-1914). this anotation was completed with the following appreciation: “No se hallaron raíces, que demostraba no había habido en el patio grandes árboles“.

Themes like the prohibid loves of the Moraima Queen was found in the literature books that were inside the main building of the Alhambra and this art (literature), connected with the “almoravide” style of the building creates a wonderful place in where legends live hundred of years ago.

References: 

  • Peñalver  (1812) . Alhambra
  • Gomez Moreno , Manuel. (1912-1914). La alhambra y el Generalife 

Today, a little bit of Viking’s art

  Viking medallion During the Viking age, Norse people apparently did not create art for art’s sake. There are few examples of decorated objects having no purpose other than to display their ornamentation. Instead, Norse art is characterized by extraordinary ornamentation of everyday objects. Even the humblest objects are elaborately and unrestrainedly decorated. Silver beads and wires were welded to the silver surface to create the brooch shown to the left. The axehead shown to the right was decorated by cutting groves into the iron axehead, then pounding a contrasting silver wire into the groves to create the design.