Some fascinating facts about Ancient Egypt that you may not know

One of the most important civilizations around history. The pharaonic period lasted 3000 to 332 a.C. and is divided in different dynasties. The most important sources about ancient Egypt we can find in monuments, objects and artefacts that have been recovered from archaeological sites, covered with hieroglyphs. “There are only a small number of artefacts from the late Predynastic Period that can be used as historical sources, documenting the transition into full unified statehood.” (Shaw, p. 3) “One important aspect of the Egyptian kingship throughout the pharaonic period was the existence of a number of different names for each individual ruler. By the Middle Kingdom, each king held five names (the so-called fivefold titulary), each of which encapsulated a particular aspect of the kingship: three of them stressed his role as a god, while the other two emphasized the supposed division of Egypt into two unified lands.” (Shaw, p. 6) The hieroglyphs were a mystery but recently it was discovered Rosetta Stone and because of that now know the meaning of this writing. In the stone apear three languages: Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic script and ancient Greek language.

There are some fascinating facts about Ancient Egypt that you may not know:

Both Egyptian men and women wore makeup.

  • Egyptian children wore no clothing at all until they were in their teens. The temperature in Egypt made it unnecessary. Adult men wore skirts while women wore dresses.

  • Cleopatra was not Egyptian. Cleopatra was part of a long line of Greek Macedonians (the Ptolemaic Dynasty 323 to 30 B.C.).

  • Ancient Egyptians loved board games. The Egyptians played to different games: “Mehen”, “Dogs and Jackals,” and the most popular “Senet.”

  • The most ancient form of dentistry was found in an Egyptian mummy’s mouth that has been dated around 2,000 b.C.

References and interesting books about ancient Egypt:

Shaw, I. (Ed.). (2000). The Oxford history of ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press.

David, R. (2002). Religion and magic in ancient Egypt. Penguin UK.

David, R. (2002). Religion and magic in ancient Egypt. Penguin UK.

Sayce, A. H. (1902). The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia. Clark.

Allen, J. P. (Ed.). (2005). The art of medicine in ancient Egypt. Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Erman, A. (1971). Life in ancient Egypt. Courier Dover Publications.


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